3/5/2023 | 131

Orthopedic surgery is a branch of surgery for the musculoskeletal system. In the orthopedic clinic, problems such as musculoskeletal problems, spinal trauma, disease and, sports injuries, tumor infections, and congenital disorders have been treated, and knee replacement, hip replacement, arthroscopy, repair of various types of hip fractures, legs, forearms and arm, bone tumors, and injury to knee ligaments.

A number of diseases that are treated in Dr. Mousavi hospital: 


Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure to restore the function of a joint. A joint can be restored by resurfacing the bones. An artificial joint (called a prosthesis) may also be used. Various types of arthritis may affect the joints. Osteoarthritis, or degenerative joint disease, is a loss of the cartilage or cushion in a joint, and is the most common reason for arthroplasty.




An arthroscopy is a type of keyhole surgery for checking or repairing your joints. Keyhole surgery is where only small cuts are made into the body. Arthroscopy is most commonly used on the knees. It can also be used on the ankles, hips, shoulders, wrists and elbows. It can help find what’s causing pain, swelling and stiffness in your joints.



Lumbar  discetomy

Lumbar discectomy is a surgery to remove a herniated or degenerative disc in the lower spine. The incision is made posterior, through the back muscles, to remove the disc pressing on the nerve. Sometimes the outer wall of one of these discs may dry out and weaken with age or injury. When this happens, the soft, inner part of the disc bulges out. This is called a herniated or bulging disc. This bulging disc can press on the spinal cord and cause symptoms such as pain, tingling, or weakness in a nearby part of the body.

During a minimally invasive lumbar discectomy, an orthopedic surgeon takes out part of the damaged disc. This helps ease the pressure on the spinal cord. Your surgeon can use different methods to do this. With one method, your surgeon inserts a small tube through the skin on your back, between the vertebrae and into the space with the herniated disc. He or she then inserts tiny tools through the tube to remove a part of the disc. Or a laser may be used to remove part of the disc. Unlike an open lumbar discectomy, the surgeon makes only a very small skin incision and does not remove any bone or muscle.



Herniated cervical discectomy

The most common operation for a herniated cervical disc is called an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). In this surgery, the disc is removed through a small one-inch incision in the front of the neck. After removing the disc, the disc space itself is set up for the adjacent vertebrae to eventually grow together and fuse. A plate can be added in front of the graft for added stability and possibly a better fusion success rate.



Dr. Gholamreza Tavakoli

Orthopedic specialist, Shoulder and knee surgeon,graduated from universities in Tehran, England, Austria

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